Species Profile

Green Dragon

Scientific Name: Arisaema dracontium
Taxonomy Group: Vascular Plants
Range: Ontario, Quebec
Last COSEWIC Assessment: April 1984
Last COSEWIC Designation: Special Concern
SARA Status: Schedule 3, Special Concern - (SARA Schedule 1 provisions do not apply)

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Quick Links: | Photo | Description | Habitat | Biology | Threats | Protection | Recovery Initiatives | National Recovery Program | Documents

Image of Green Dragon

Green Dragon Photo 1
Green Dragon Photo 2



The Green Dragon is a perennial herb which measures 15 to 90 cm in height. There is usually just one leaf of 5 to 17 pointed segments, which is located at the end of a long stem. The cylindrical inflorescence is found on another stem; it is composed of tightly packed flowers. There are both male and female flowers on the plant. The fruit is bright red or reddish-orange berries; there are six light yellow or whitish seeds in each berry.


Distribution and Population

In Canada, the Green Dragon is found in southern Ontario and southwestern Quebec.



The Green Dragon grows in damp deciduous forests and along streams.



The Green Dragon flowers in May and June. Small insects are the main pollinators.



The destruction or modification of habitat due to residential, industrial and recreational development is the main limiting factor for the Green Dragon. Collection of this species may have drastically reduced one of its Canadian populations.



Federal Protection

Species that were designated at risk by COSEWIC prior to October 1999 must be reassessed against revised criteria before they can be considered for addition to Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA). To find out when re-assessment of this species is anticipated, please consult the COSEWIC web site.

The Green Dragon was designated threatened in 1996 under Quebec's Act Respecting Threatened or Vulnerable Species.

Provincial and Territorial Protection

To know if this species is protected by provincial or territorial laws, consult the provinces' and territories' websites.


Recovery Initiatives

Status of Recovery Planning

Recovery Strategies :

Name Conservation plan for Green Dragon (Arisaema dracontium) in Québec
Status Recovery team/planner in place



PLEASE NOTE: Not all COSEWIC reports are currently available on the SARA Public Registry. Most of the reports not yet available are status reports for species assessed by COSEWIC prior to May 2002. Other COSEWIC reports not yet available may include those species assessed as Extinct, Data Deficient or Not at Risk. In the meantime, they are available on request from the COSEWIC Secretariat.

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